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Why are we there?

  • Armed conflict
  • Endemic/Epidemic disease
  • Healthcare exclusion

Our Work


  • More than 128,000 South Sudanese people fleeing violence had crossed into Uganda by the end of October.
  • Médecins Sans Frontières launched an emergency programme to provide basic healthcare for refugees at the transit centre and in the four camps. Teams screened children for malnutrition, and set up outpatient and inpatient departments, maternity wards and an intensive therapeutic feeding centre. Water and sanitation activities were also undertaken to ensure minimum hygiene standards were being met.
  • As the number of arrivals dropped and other agencies began to cover some of the needs, Médecins Sans Frontières shifted its focus to the two largest camps in the south, Ayilo 1 and Ayilo 2, and health screening and consultations at the transit centre. 
  • From July to September, Médecins Sans Frontières conducted three rounds of vaccination against pneumococcal disease and Haemophilus influenzae type B, the two main causes of respiratory infections in children. This was the first vaccination campaign using the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine ever run in Uganda, and one of the first in a refugee setting.


Arua HIV/tuberculosis (TB) programme closes

  • The HIV/TB programme that Médecins Sans Frontières started in 2001, based at Arua regional referral hospital, was handed over to the Ministry of Health and SUSTAIN (Strengthening Uganda’s Systems for Treating AIDS Nationally), a Ugandan–American NGO, in July.
  • The project included clinical care, the management of a laboratory for HIV, TB and drug-resistant TB testing and the provision of antiretrovirals. Médecins Sans Frontières also handed over the management centre for multidrug-resistant TB that it built and had been running.
  • Médecins Sans Frontières is continuing to work on improving access to viral load testing, including for infants, with the UNITAID-funded Treatment Success Project. A Médecins Sans Frontières team is also assessing specific medical needs related to HIV in particularly vulnerable groups, such as children, adolescents and mobile populations.


Marburg emergency preparedness 

  • In October, one case of Marburg haemorrhagic fever was confirmed in Kampala, triggering a joint response by the Ministry of Health, Médecins Sans Frontières and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
  • Médecins Sans Frontières set up five transit centres and one Ebola treatment centre within Kampala hospitals and trained staff working at these sites and in other provinces. No further cases were reported. 


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Médecins Sans Frontières has been working in the country since 1986 and at the end of 2014, Médecins Sans Frontières had 568 staff in Uganda.