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Why are we there?  

  • Armed conflict 

Our Work


  • Violence increased across the Occupied Palestinian Territory in 2014, and the year was marked by a 50-day war with Israel. Médecins Sans Frontières doubled its capacity to help meet medical and psychological needs.
  • Access to healthcare across the occupied territories remains severely limited by the West Bank wall, the Gaza blockade and other measures. There is a shortage of technical equipment and training for specialist care, including surgery and mental healthcare in Gaza.
  • Living conditions continue to deteriorate and people’s coping mechanisms are stretched. In the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, daily violence, collective punishment, and humiliation at checkpoints are common and have taken a psychological toll.


West Bank

  • A mental health programme was started by Médecins Sans Frontières in Hebron, Nablus and Qalqilya governorates in the West Bank in 2000, extending to east Jerusalem in 2011.
  • The programme focuses on adults and children who have experienced or witnessed violence (Israeli–Palestinian or inter-Palestinian), and whose psychological suffering impedes their normal life.
  • It aims mostly to help those served evacuation orders, whose homes are demolished, and those under regular attack from settlers and Israel Defense Forces search and arrest operations. 


Gaza Strip

  • The demand for reconstructive surgery in Gaza dramatically increased because of the acute conflict. Médecins Sans Frontières established an emergency surgical team in Gaza between July and September to perform lifesaving operations. A permanent reconstructive surgery team was present until December.
  • Two Médecins Sans Frontières clinics, in Gaza City and in an inflatable tent at Nasser hospital, provided post-operative care, including wound dressings, physiotherapy and occupational therapy. 
  • After one and a half years, Médecins Sans Frontières' support to the intensive care unit at Nasser hospital was suspended after results were not as good as expected. Training sessions with doctors and nurses are now planned.
  • A Gaza mental health programme suspended in 2011 by local authorities resumed in October, responding to a rise in needs following Operation Protective Edge. Mental health consultations were integrated into post-operative care.
  • Médecins Sans Frontières plans to launch a dedicated paediatric mental health programme within Ministry of Health structures in the coming months. 


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Médecins Sans Frontières has been working in the country since 1989 and at the end of 2014, Médecins Sans Frontières had 121 staff in the Occupied Palestinian Territories.