In a country where 1.4 million people are living with HIV. Despite significant improvements, HIV detection and care remain a public health concern in specific groups of people, such as fishing communities, children and adolescents.
Women and young women are disproportionately affected. There are many political and cultural barriers which have hindered effective HIV prevention programming in Uganda. Adolescents are particularly vulnerable to life-threatening health risks related to unwanted pregnancies, unsafe abortion, HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted infections, due to a lack of awareness about these risks, and the shortage of youth-friendly sexual health and counselling services.
MSF opened an adolescent centre in Kasese town in 2015, which offers sexual and reproductive healthcare, support for victims of sexual violence, as well as community awareness-raising and recreational activities that encourage adolescents to seek medical consultations.
In the three districts around lakes George and Edward (Kasese, Kamwenge and Ruburizi), we offer tuberculosis (TB) prevention, screening and treatment, run a project to improve detection and care for HIV, and organise malaria prevention activities in fishing communities.
The 2016 HIV Impact Assessment (UPHIA) indicated a fall in HIV national prevalence at 6% compared to 7.3% according to the 2011 Uganda AIDS Indicator Survey.
While the country has won praise for its vigorous campaign against HIV/AIDS it has also attracted international attention for its harsh stance against the LGBT community