The 2005 peace deal that led to South Sudan’s new beginning ended Africa’s longest running civil war. However, since December 2013, conflict in South Sudan has resulted in extreme violence, mass displacement, and the deaths of tens of thousands of people.
Médecins Sans Frontières has been operating in the area that now constitutes South Sudan for more than 30 years, responding to conflicts, neglected diseases and assisting with healthcare infrastructure.
MSF teams provide basic and specialised healthcare in hospitals and clinics throughout the country. Our teams are constantly on the move to provide displaced people with medical care, and to offer support to healthcare programs and organisations, such as International Medical Corps, South Sudan Red Cross, and Health Link South Sudan.
We also provide much-needed medical and mental health care in Protection of Civilians (PoC) camps, where hundreds of thousands of people remain trapped in hostile and deplorable conditions.
Medical care has come under attack time and again in South Sudan, with patients shot in their beds, wards burned to the ground and medical equipment stolen. Hundreds of thousands of people have been denied lifesaving assistance because of these acts.
Our South Sudanese staff have continued to care for patients while hiding from violence. Since the beginning of the crisis in South Sudan, MSF has called on all parties to respect medical facilities, and to allow aid organisations to access affected communities.
Medical care is practically non-existent for people living in remote areas of South Sudan, even those spared from much of the violence associated with the war. We run hospitals and clinics and support existing state facilities, with particular focus on maternal, paediatric and neonatal care, and outbreak response.
Malaria is one of the leading causes of illness and death in South Sudan, especially among children. In cooperation with the Ministry of Health, MSF teams assist in outbreak response, mass vaccination campaigns, and direct treatment. We train community healthcare workers, run outreach and preventive activities such as vaccination campaigns.