At the end of 2007, MSF ended its activities in Rwanda after 16 years in the country.
MSF's work had included assistance to displaced persons, war surgery, programs for unaccompanied children and street children, support to victims traumatised by the conflict, programs to improve access to health care, responding to epidemics such as malaria, cholera, and tuberculosis, and projects linked to maternal and reproductive health.
The Rwandan Genocide
In 1994, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) teams in Kigali, Rwanda witnessed the city descend into violence. These were the first days of what would go on to become known as the Rwandan genocide, during which more than a million people lost their lives, including MSF staff. MSF was confronted with camps under the tight control of ‘refugee leaders” responsible for the genocide of the Rwandan Tutsis from April to June 1994.
Faced with considerable dilemmas, MSF has since produced a detailed case study about the decisions MSF staff made to help us and future humanitarians learn from the past.