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Despite recent economic growth, more than half of Mozambique's population continues to live below the poverty line. The local healthcare system is frail and is struggling to address a dual epidemic of HIV and tuberculosis (TB).

Médecins Sans Frontières has worked in the country since 1984, responding to the civil war and its after-effects. MSF continues to work with the Ministry of Health to develop innovative strategies, provide specialised care, and to respond to emergencies such as cholera epidemics.

HIV Care

Mozambique has one of the highest HIV prevalence rates in the world. Around 13 per cent of people aged 15-49 are infected, and 34,000 people co-infected with HIV and TB die each year.

Despite ambitious plans to roll out ‘test and start’ to provide immediate treatment to everyone diagnosed with HIV, Mozambique is struggling to respond to an epidemic now affecting 11.5 per cent of adults.We provide care for HIV patients who need second- or third-line antiretroviral (ARV) treatment and treatment for co-morbidities like Kaposi’s sarcoma or viral hepatitis.
Comprehensive care is also available for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and extensively drug-resistant TB. We also treat patients with hepatitis C and provide obstetric care in rural areas.


Mozambique has one of the highest HIV prevalence rates in the world.
Maputo's chemotherapy unit for Kaposi sarcoma

Find out more about Mozambique

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