A UN-backed interim government was installed in 2015, but Libya remains fragmented by conflict.
Fighting continues in several parts of the country, and the breakdown of law and order, economic collapse, and the existence of three successive governments has had a severe impact on the healthcare system.
Médecins Sans Frontières first began working in Libya in 2011.
PATHWAY TO EUROPE
Almost all the men, women and children who attempt to cross the Mediterranean Sea pass through Libya. Migrants, asylum seekers and refugees in Libya are exposed to extreme, wide-spread violence, and face exploitation in arbitrary detention. Teams aboard our search and rescue ship in the Mediterranean Sea have heard accounts of alarming levels of exploitation people experienced in Libya at the hands of security forces, militias, smuggling networks, and criminal gangs.