Healthcare in Dhaka
Rohingya have been escaping state-based violence in Myanmar and crossing the border into Bangladesh for decades: the Cox’s Bazar district on Bangladesh's southeast coast has hosted Rohingya refugees fleeing targeted violence in neighbouring Myanmar's Rakhine state since 1978.
Refugees arriving in Bangladesh have shared stories with MSF about their villages being systematically raided and burnt by the Myanmar military, of mob groups targeting the Rohingya, and of women and children being raped and killed. Surveys conducted by MSF in refugee settlements estimate that at least 9,000 Rohingya died in Myanmar's Rakhine State between the 25th of August and the 24th of September 2017.
The combined population of Rohingya refugees living in Bangladesh in 2018 reached nearly 1 million. The Kutupalong-Bulukhali "mega camp" is the largest refugee camp in the world. Most Rohingya live in precarious and overcrowded refugee camps prone to mudslides and flooding.