Haiti: Mobile clinics begin, massive need for surgery
Port au Prince, 22 January: The Médecins Sans Frontières teams in Port au Prince and beyond are still mainly occupied with treating and operating on those who were injured in the quake nine days ago. And that has meant a continuing focus on their operating theatres in the larger Médecins Sans Frontières hospital structures in the capital. But there are new challenges being taken on too with the start of mobile clinics in the capital, of water provision and of efforts to plan for post operative care.
With more than 900 patients having passed through our surgical facilities and increasing numbers of patients with renal failure receiving life-saving dialysis, there is already significant need for specialist and sometimes long-term care, such as physiotherapy and psychological support. At the same time there has been an overall expansion of surgical provision in Haiti, as other medical organisations, including the military, have stepped up their work. After-care will soon become very demanding and Médecins Sans Frontières is starting to organise post operative care units.
"When you have so many injured people with deep wounds, open fractures and crushed limbs, the more and the faster you can proceed, the better it is," explains Xavier Lassalle, one of Médecins Sans Frontières’ specialist medical advisors. "But providing for these surgical and medical needs will take months and usually many of these emergency surgical teams stay no more than a few weeks. Most of the wounded have infected wounds in their limbs and they will have to undergo several cleaning operations in theatre, and then often orthopaedic and reconstructive surgery. This requires post-operative care for several weeks."
The efforts to secure adequate space for Médecins Sans Frontières’ existing work are also having to cope with the consequences of yesterday's aftershock. In the Carrefour hospital, which has been one key centre for surgery and general treatment, the team is busy setting up new facilities in a neighbouring school as it has become clear that the main hospital building is no longer completely safe. There are additional tents in the grounds as well. Meanwhile, specialist engineers checked the buildings' stability at Choscal and Pacot hospitals after the substantial 6.1 tremor. The Choscal hospital is still safe to carry on in the operating theatres, though the patients prefer to stay outside in tents. But the Pacot building is at risk of collapsing, so the team is organising the transfer of the patients to another site. As the inflatable hospital takes shape, our staff is preparing for the substantial logistical challenge of transferring the patients who still need operations to the new 100 bed wards.
For the first time in this emergency, Médecins Sans Frontières has started mobile clinics in particular parts of the city. So teams are beginning in the Carrefour Feulle and Delmas 77 neighbourhood, locating people who are still in need of treatment following the earthquake or who have general medical needs. At the same time, another project has started to supply 7,000 people who have lost their homes with drinking water. Outside of the city, Médecins Sans Frontières teams continue to push out into areas where medical care is lacking. Work has just started in Leogane with surgery and general consultations, while mobile clinics have started to contact people in areas like Grand Goave and Duforf, where some 20 people needing major surgery have already been found.