Outbreaks of cholera, Ebola and Marburg haemorrhagic fever all occurred in Uganda over the course of the year 2012. Mèdecins Sans Frontiéres also continued to support treatment for HIV and TB.
From March to May, Médecins Sans Frontières responded to a cholera outbreak in several locations across the Nebbi district of Northern region, treating 600 patients for the disease, which causes profuse diarrhoea and can lead to severe dehydration and death.
Between July and October, teams provided medical care to refugees from the conflict in North Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Staff provided technical expertise for the management of severe malnutrition, treating 500 children at the Nyakabande and Rwamwanja camps in Western region.
Teams also provided technical expertise for the management of Ebola and Marburg haemorrhagic fever in August and October, respectively. There is no specific treatment for either of these diseases, and fatality rates vary significantly. Médecins Sans Frontières was in charge of the Ebola ward in Kagadi hospital, Kibaale district, after the outbreak was declared in July. Teams managed patient care and worked in collaboration with Ministry of Health staff to stop the epidemic.
Arua regional referral hospital is the base for a long-standing Médecins Sans Frontières HIV and TB programme, though HIV treatment is now available in 42 centres in Northern region. A significant proportion of patients are from DRC, where access to antiretroviral (ARV) treatment is very limited. By the end of 2012, more than 6,600 people were receiving ARV medication from Médecins Sans Frontières and nearly 900 patients co-infected with TB were undergoing treatment for both diseases.
Mèdecins Sans Frontiéres first worked in Uganda in 1986
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