Country details


Outbreaks of cholera, Ebola and Marburg haemorrhagic fever all occurred in Uganda over the course of the year 2012. Mèdecins Sans Frontiéres also continued to support treatment for HIV and TB.

From March to May, Médecins Sans Frontières responded to a cholera outbreak in several locations across the Nebbi district of Northern region, treating 600 patients for the disease, which causes profuse diarrhoea and can lead to severe dehydration and death.

Between July and October, teams provided medical care to refugees from the conflict in North Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Staff provided technical expertise for the management of severe malnutrition, treating 500 children at the Nyakabande and Rwamwanja camps in Western region.

Teams also provided technical expertise for the management of Ebola and Marburg haemorrhagic fever in August and October, respectively. There is no specific treatment for either of these diseases, and fatality rates vary significantly. Médecins Sans Frontières was in charge of the Ebola ward in Kagadi hospital, Kibaale district, after the outbreak was declared in July. Teams managed patient care and worked in collaboration with Ministry of Health staff to stop the epidemic.

Arua regional referral hospital is the base for a long-standing Médecins Sans Frontières HIV and TB programme, though HIV treatment is now available in 42 centres in Northern region. A significant proportion of patients are from DRC, where access to antiretroviral (ARV) treatment is very limited. By the end of 2012, more than 6,600 people were receiving ARV medication from Médecins Sans Frontières and nearly 900 patients co-infected with TB were undergoing treatment for both diseases.

Mèdecins Sans Frontiéres first worked in Uganda in 1986

South Sudanese refugees in northern Uganda: "Conflict is a part of these people’s story"


Dr Fredericke Dumont describes how Médecins Sans Frontières’ emergency team in Uganda has got medical services for South Sudanese refugees up and running in the space of a week.

Category: Field news

A Month in Focus: September 2013


A short monthly update on the medical humanitarian activities that Médecins Sans Frontières teams are conducting around the world.


Category: Video gallery

Uganda: Médecins Sans Frontières increases assistance to refugees fleeing violence in DRC


Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) is providing urgently needed medical care and water and sanitation in western Uganda, following an influx of tens of thousands of refugees fleeing insecurity in North Kivu, Democratic Republic of...

Category: Field news

Médecins Sans Frontières provides assistance to Congolese refugees in Uganda


Nearly 50,000 Congolese have fled and crossed the border into Uganda following the attack on the village of Kamango, in North Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo. Médecins Sans Frontières is working in a transit camp near...

Category: Field news

"There has been an increase in meningitis across the region... I was asked to join the emergency team to ensure that cases could be quickly diagnosed."


Anita Coombs is a medical scientist from Perth. Here she writes about her work as a laboratory manager with Médecins Sans Frontières, in Arua, Uganda.

Category: Letters from the field
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